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2013 Auto, Brand, and Manufacturer Reliability GPAs and Grades

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The 2013 Auto Reliability Grade Point Averages (GPAs) and Grades for Motor Vehicle Lines Sold in North America: The Complete Table and A Chart Depicting the Overall Reliability GPAs of Car and Truck Brands in 2013
by James Bleeker

(If you are using the Mozilla Firefox browser, it is best to click the refresh button once, or twice, to ensure that you are viewing the entire page, as it seems that Firefox is graphics and/or data-rich challenged. If you are using Google Chrome, the drop-down menu to the left works only hesitantly. The side menus of site manager's other two auto quality websites www.CarsOnInfo.net and www.CarQualityInfo.net are more Google friendly.)

This page provides the table giving the 2013 Auto Reliability GPAs of the car and truck brands sold in the U.S. and a chart depicting the 2013 Overall Reliability GPAs of these lines, from best to worst.

The 2013 Table

The table below provides the 2013 Auto Reliability Grade Point Averages and Grades of nearly all of the car and light truck brands sold in the U.S.

Reliability GPAs for 4 age ranges are given so that the visitor may examine more closely the age range that is of greater interest to him or her. As well, an Overall Reliability GPA - an average of the 4 Reliability GPAs - is provided; this may be of greatest value to those interested in purchasing a new car and owning it for decade, or several.

Letter grades for automobile reliability are determined thusly: A if the Auto Reliability GPA is 3.50 to 4.00, B if the Auto Reliability GPA is 2.50 to 3.49, C if the Auto Reliability GPA is 1.50 to 2.49, D if the Auto Reliability GPA is 0.50 to 1.49, and F if the Auto Reliability GPA < 0.50.

The brands of Toyota Motor Corporation and Honda Motor Company appear first because of the rather singular stature. The remaining brands are grouped by manufacturer, and manufacturers are listed alphabetically. Ford Motor Company's offloaded lines - Jaguar, Land Rover, and Volvo - are listed as manufacturers.

The 2013 Motor Vehicle Brand Reliability Grade Point Averages (GPAs):
GPAs for Four 4-Year Age Ranges and an Overall Average Reliability GPA and Grade,
As well as Minimum GPA and Corresponding Grade

ID Auto Manufacturer Line / Brand Brand GPA for 0-to-4 Year Old Vehicles Brand GPA for 2-to-6 Year Old Vehicles Brand GPA for 4-to-8 Year Old Vehicles Brand GPA for 6-to-10 Year Old Vehicles Overall Reliability GPA Grade Based on Overall GPA Minimum Reliability GPA Grade Based on Minimum GPA Average Number of Model Years of Data
11 Toyota Motor Corporation Lexus 3.62 3.72 3.47 3.60 3.63 A 3.36 B 7.20
39 Toyota Toyota 3.44 3.40 3.43 3.59 3.41 B 3.19 B 6.70
44 Toyota Scion 3.38 3.11 3.15 3.22 3.19 B 3.08 B 4.25
53 Honda Motor Company Acura 2.85 3.30 3.33 3.23 3.11 B 2.94 B 6.43
69 Honda Honda 3.16 3.20 3.39 3.33 3.31 B 3.02 B 6.87
81 BMW AG BMW 1.63 1.18 0.92 1.22 1.18 D 0.75 D 5.40
85 BMW Mini Cooper 1.75 2.25 0.75 0.25 1.52 C 1.25 D 4.67
95 Chrysler Group Jeep 1.65 1.25 0.93 1.08 1.24 D 0.67 D 6.00
103 Chrysler Chrysler 0.87 1.25 1.62 1.51 1.52 C 1.14 D 5.57
118 Chrysler Dodge 1.17 1.18 1.27 1.50 1.31 D 1.12 D 4.79
130 Daimler AG Mercedes-Benz 2.10 1.82 1.75 1.77 1.78 C 1.55 C 5.10
132 Daimler Smart ForTwo 3.00 2.00 1.00   2.00 C 1.00 D 2.00
135 Fiat SpA Fiat 2.00       2.00 C 2.00 C 1.00
161 Ford Motor Company Ford 2.05 2.19 2.15 2.14 2.07 C 1.72 C 6.79
169 Ford Lincoln 1.58 1.89 2.52 2.27 1.84 C 1.48 D 4.71
177 Ford Mercury 2.11 2.28 2.27 1.89 2.14 C 1.79 C 5.86
187 General Motors Corporation Buick 0.97 1.21 1.48 1.88 1.25 D 1.01 D 4.00
194 General Motors Cadillac 2.17 1.25 1.54 1.40 1.58 C 1.00 D 6.17
218 General Motors Chevrolet 1.71 1.30 1.10 1.49 1.46 D 1.04 D 6.17
227 General Motors GMC 1.68 1.17 1.14 1.60 1.37 D 0.88 D 7.50
233 General Motors Pontiac (with Toyota-engineered Vibe) 2.83 1.82 1.78 2.17 1.94 C 1.63 C 5.00
234 General Motors Pontiac (without Vibe) 2.50 1.33 1.29 1.50 1.52 C 1.17 D 4.25
237 General Motors Saab   2.50 2.13 1.71 2.00 C 1.71 C 4.50
244 General Motors Saturn 1.33 1.33 1.33 2.00 1.51 C 1.42 D 3.33
261 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai 2.13 2.31 2.36 2.19 2.15 C 1.95 C 4.79
266 Jaguar - formerly owned by Ford Motor Company and presently owned by Tata Motors Limited Jaguar 0.00 0.00   1.50 0.83 D 0.67 D 1.67
277 Kia Motors Corporation Kia 2.19 1.97 1.48 0.00 1.99 C 1.70 C 4.44
280 Land Rover - formerly owned by Ford Motor Company and presently owned by Tata Motors Limited Land Rover     1.00 1.00 1.00 D 1.00 D 1.00
295 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda 2.85 1.91 1.74 1.95 2.09 C 1.76 C 4.77
302 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi 3.67 3.13 3.25 1.67 2.61 B 2.45 C 2.00
309 Nissan Motor Company Infiniti 2.50 2.63 3.04 3.33 2.68 B 2.20 C 6.00
328 Nissan Nissan 2.19 2.07 1.99 1.88 2.00 C 1.63 C 6.11
334 Porsche AG Porsche 2.00 2.21 1.94 2.33 2.08 C 1.54 C 3.75
346 Subaru Division of Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd Subaru 3.01 2.73 2.06 1.89 2.47 C 1.96 C 6.80
349 Suzuki Motor Corporation Suzuki 2.00 2.50 3.00   2.50 B 2.00 C 2.00
359 Volkswagen AG Audi 2.44 1.53 1.31 0.92 1.98 C 1.64 C 4.25
373 Volkswagen Volkswagen 1.89 1.80 1.46 1.08 1.69 C 1.40 D 5.23
383 Volvo - formerly owned by Ford Motor Company and presently owned by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Volvo 1.60 2.28 2.50 1.80 2.01 C 1.28 D 4.63
Note: If the average number of model years of data is 2 or less, the Reliability GPA may less accurately reflect the brand's quality.

Chart of the 2013 Reliability GPAs of North America's Car and Truck Brands

The following bar graph depicts the Overall Reliability GPAs of most of North America's car and light truck brands in 2013, from best to worst.

The 2013 Chart of the Reliability GPAs of Auto Brands Sold in North America.

The 2013 bar graph provides several points of interest to the consumer.

1. Toyota Motor Corporation's three brands occupy 3 of the top 4 places.

2. Toyota Motor Corporation's and Honda Motor Company's brands occupy the top 5 places, as usual.

3. Hyundai's reliability ranking exceeds all of the Reliability GPAs of Detroit 3 brands. Nonetheless, Hyundai falls quite a bit below most of the Japanese brands. Mazda and Nissan are the exceptions.

4. Kia's Reliability GPA exceeds nearly all of those of the Detroit 3 brands.

5. Although the Ford and Mercury lines are far from the top, General Motors Corporation's and the Chrysler Group's are well below.

The Auto Reliability GPAs are automobile reliability statistics that are obtained from Consumer Reports' auto reliability survey data summarized in the reliability tables of (1) Consumer Reports: New Car Buying Guide: 2013, (2) Consumer Reports: Used Car Buying Guide: 2013, and (3) the April 2013 issue of the Consumer Reports magazine.

The method of computation of the GPAs is probably familiar to nearly every college, technical school, and high school student. For each model year, a Grade Point of 4.00 (that is, an A) is given to a Consumer Reports Used Car Verdict of "Much Better Than Average," a GP of 3.00 (that is, a B) is given to a CR "Better Than Average" rating, a GP of 2.00 (that is, a C) to an "Average" rating, a GP of 1.00 (that is, a D) to a "Worse Than Average" rating, and a GP of 0.00 (that is, an F) to a "Much Worse Than Average" rating. A 4-year Grade Point Average (GPA) is an average of the Grade Points and is computed using Microsoft's Average(a:b,[c:d],...) function. The Overall Reliability GPA of a model is the average of the four 4-year GPAs. The brand Overall Reliability GPA given in the table and chart above is the average of its models' Overall Reliability GPAs.

This page was created in September of 2013.

AutoOnInfo.net: Helping to inform consumers which autos and brands are better than good and worse than bad since 2001.

Additional Resources

Detailed information on auto reliability and car, truck, brand, and manufacturer quality, as well as changes in U.S. car and light vehicle market shares, are given in the car guides below. These are available as Kindle ebooks and may be purchased for a small fee on Amazon.com. Links to the Amazon pages offering the books are provided.

Icon for AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Quality Series, Volume 3: Car Guide and Shopping Companion: The 2012 Reliability GPAs and Grades of the 6-to-10-Year-Old Cars and Trucks from Model Years 2002 to 2005

The 100 Worst Cars in America in 2013

The 100 Worst Cars in America in 2013 offers a list of the worst cars and trucks available in the U.S. It uses AutoOnInfo.net’s Overall Reliability GPA covering model years 2003 to 2012 for ranking pickup trucks, sport-utility vehicles (SUVs), minivans, family cars, wagons, small cars, hatchbacks, sport/sporty cars, coupes, convertibles, upscale cars, and luxury cars in order to aid consumers in avoiding a vehicle that may require a larger number of repairs and a greater number of expensive repairs. To this end, it includes each car’s reliability GPA and grade and the number of model years upon which the GPA and grade are based, as well as brand and manufacturer GPAs for comparison and contrast and for better assessing long term performance and ownership expenses. Also, near the end of the book are a chapter listing the next 25 worst cars (31 by tie), with GPAs and number of model years, and chapters giving brand and manufacturer shares of the 125 (131 by tie) Worst Cars in America in 2013.

Icon for The 50 Best Cars in America in 2013 with link to Kindle Bookstore

The 50 Best Cars in America in 2013

The 50 Best Cars in America in 2013 offers a list of the best cars and trucks available in the U.S. It uses AutoOnInfo.net’s Overall Reliability GPA covering model years 2003 to 2012 for ranking pickup trucks, sport-utility vehicles (SUVs), family cars, wagons, small cars, hatchbacks, sport/sporty cars, coupes, convertibles, upscale cars, and luxury cars in order to aid consumers in selecting a vehicle that both is reliable in the short term and provides a prospect of only modest repairs in the long term. To this end, it includes each car’s reliability GPA and grade and the number of model years upon which the GPA and grade are based, as well as brand and manufacturer GPAs for comparison and contrast and for better assessing long term performance and ownership expenses.

Icon for AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Quality Series, Volume 3: Car Guide and Shopping Companion: The 2012 Reliability GPAs and Grades of the 6-to-10-Year-Old Cars and Trucks from Model Years 2002 to 2005

AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Quality Series, Volume 3: Car Guide and Shopping Companion: The 2012 Reliability GPAs and Grades of the 6-to-10-Year-Old Cars and Trucks from Model Years 2002 to 2005

Volume 3 of AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Quality Series offers quality ratings on car and truck models, brands, and manufacturers using Auto Reliability Grade Point Averages (GPAs) and Grades. With these measures of performance, this e-guide brings to the aid of auto consumers a convenient, anywhere, anytime source of automobile information on enduring reliability. As a further aid, this book provides graphs depicting both automobile brand and manufacturer spectral signatures and density functions.

Ratings and rankings of vehicle models, brands, and manufacturers are for North American model years 2002 to 2005 when the cars and trucks were between the ages of 6 and 10 years old. Used car buyers may use the Reliability GPAs and Grades as a valuable shopping tool for earlier and later model years as well. New car buyers looking for models and lines that have withstood the test of time may use the GPAs and grades as a guide for what runs well over a multi-year time span. Motor vehicles graded and ranked include small cars, family cars, upscale cars, luxury cars, sport cars, small SUVs, midsize SUVs, large SUVs, minivans, and pickup trucks. For each of these body styles, the best and the worst are listed in separate chapters.

Icon for AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Quality Series Volume 2: Brand Quality for Model Years 1985 to 2006 and Effect on Brand Market Shares from 1985 to 2009

AutoOnInfo.net's Car Quality Series, Volume 2: Brand Quality for Model Years 1985 to 2006 and Effect on Brand Market Shares from 1985 to 2009

This volume of AutoOnInfo.net’s car guide series offers consumers and researchers an historical summary of the reliability and durability of car and truck brands and examines how these brands have fared in their U.S. market shares. It uses 6-year-old model entries in Consumer Reports’ Used Car to Avoid – also termed Vehicles to Avoid and Worst Cars, Year by Year – and CR’s reliability charts to ascribe quality grades to automobile brands for model-year groups 1985 to 1989, 1990 to 1994, 1995 to 1999, 2000 to 2004, 2005 to 2006, and 1985 to 2006. In addition to ascribing quality grades to each brand, it provides a chart that plots the number of the brand’s 6-year-old model entries in CR’s vehicles to avoid. To examine the effect that a brand’s reliability and durability has had on sales, two or more charts depicting the brand’s U.S. market shares for calendar years 1985 to 2009 are given. These grades and charts and the author’s comments impart an historical perspective that sheds light on the present condition of surviving vehicle lines and their future prospects, individual and institutional shortcomings, and what effect these may have on the U.S.

Icon for AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Guide and Shopping Companion: The 2009 Reliability GPAs and Grades of the 6-to-10-Year-Old Cars and Trucks from Model Years 1999 to 2002

AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Guide and Shopping Companion: The 2009 Reliability GPAs and Grades of the 6-to-10-Year-Old Cars and Trucks from Model Years 1999 to 2002

AutoOnInfo.net’s Car Guide offers quality ratings on car models, brands, and manufacturers using Auto Reliability Grade Point Averages (GPAs) and Grades. With this guide, GPAs and grades, familiar by common-place use in educational settings, are brought to the aid of car consumers seeking a convenient, any-where, any-time source of automobile information on enduring reliability. Car models rated are from North American model years 1999 to 2002 when the cars were between the ages of 6 and 10 years old. Used car buyers may use the Reliability GPAs and grades as a valuable shopping tool for earlier and later model years as well. New car buyers looking for models and lines that have withstood the test of time may use the GPAs and grades as a guide for what runs well over a multi-year time span. Motor vehicles graded and ranked include convertibles, coupes, sedans, wagons, hatchbacks, minivans, SUVs, and pickup trucks.

Also visit www.CarsOnInfo.net and www.CarQualityInfo.net for more car and truck quality tables, charts, graphs, and information.